Prewar Period

The staff is formed. The most qualified designers at that time are invited to Aeroproject.

Airlines and airports networks of the Soviet Union began. Large volumes of works on air-route survey and airport design in all regions of the Soviet Union with proper geological, climate and hydrological conditions.

To form a design normative and theoretic base and improve research level of surveys in the civil aviation experts of Aeroproject elaborated the first “Air Lines and Ports Design Manual” and “Air Lines Survey Manual”.

The aerodrome construction theory began to form. Experimental stations are arranged to study snow retention and drainage at aerodromes.

The theory of vertical and horizontal planning design of runways, strength calculation of ground aerodromes and hard aerodrome pavements are developed.

Surveys of the high-mountain route Khorog-Mugrab in the Pamirs was carried out.

The main surveys for air lines of the European part of the country, the Far East and Central Asia were completed.

The circle with a diameter of 100 m was a main form of an aerodrome to perform takeoff and landing operations in any directions strictly against the wind. Grass served as aerodrome pavements.

Engineering survey to design and construct on Vnukovo Airport was completed in 1937.

Tashauz and Frunze Airports were designed in 1939. Next year documentation was developed for the certain structures in Abakan, Voronezh, Kazan, Petrozavodsk, Murmansk, Chita, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnovodsk, Sukhumi Airports. Design estimate documentation was prepared for the construction of aircraft repair shops and an air terminal with control tower in Irkutsk Airport, linear shops in Rostov and Alma-Ata Airports.

Navigation facilities of Moscow-Kiev-Prague, Moscow-Vladivostok-Charjew-Tashauz air lines and others were surveyed and designed.

Surveys and design of radio beacons, a radio agency, radio transmission centers, radio direction finders, telephone stations and other communication facilities were carried out by designers of Aeroproject.

Aeroproject developed a number of petrol deport typical designs (FB-36, PB-38, RB-39) and water-oil heating station typical designs that supplied all operational needs of airports at that time.

The construction of Vnukovo Airport, the largest and most up-to-date airport of our country at that time was completed in 1941. The aerodrome had two intersecting continues concrete runways.

The airport’s air terminal with the control tower became an architectural model of air terminals in the Soviet Union.

For the first time lighting facilities of the runway and airfield with centralized control in the control tower were designed for Vnukovo Airport.

At that time the principles of design, construction and operation of all core civil aviation facilities were checked and perfected in Vnukovo Airport.

The opening ceremony in Vnukovo Airport was scheduled for June 22, 1041, for a day that happened tragic for people of the Soviet Union because the Great Patriotic War with the fascist Germany began.

Following “Aeroproject and Airports” by V.N. Ivanov